Invasive Pneumococcal Disease, Killer Deadly For Toddlers

Although it has been given the appropriate antibiotics, the disease Invasive Pneumococcal Disease (IPD) or disease caused by the bacterium streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus), is still the number two killer in Indonesia after the diarrhea.

"IPD disease caused high mortality rates, by 15-20 percent. Tallest IPD cases occurred in children under 2 years old," said Kusnandi Rusmil, Chairman of the Coordination Unit of Work in the field of Growth IDAI seminar Prevent Dangerous Diseases: IPD and Diarrhea Rotavirus in Children, held in Bandung on Saturday (07/16/2011).

Kusnandi revealed by Riskedas 2007, pneumonia is the number two cause of death in children under four years, the highest is 23.8 percent, after diarrhea. IPD is an invasive disease occurs when bacteria enter the blood distributed or colonize the sterile tissue.

Inflammation of lung tissue caused by bacterial infection, and cause respiratory distress. Fatal because it can cause death due to lung can not perform its functions to get oxygen to the body.

"While meningitis is the inflammation of protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord, called meninges. This inflammation can be caused by virus infections, bacteria or other microorganisms. Meningitis can be life-threatening inflammation because of its proximity to the brain and spinal cord, so the conditions These are classified as medical emergencies.

"Symptoms of bacterial meningitis are fever, loss of consciousness, and neck became stiff. In infants, symptoms are often atypical form of fever, the temperature actually fell, limp, hard drinking, vomiting, diarrhea, shortness of breath, seizures, and or the crown of prominent. In larger children, the child has a fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, confusion, and weakness. Symptoms of a stiff neck was found in 75 percent of children. Finally, children can die, "he said.
Death occurs in 10-80 percent of children, depending on the child's age, cause, speed of treatment and others. Among the cases of the living, as much as 50-80 percent of disability in the form of paralysis, hearing loss, lack of learning ability, mental retardation and epilepsy

Meningitis can be treated with antibiotics as soon as possible. But prevention is better than treatment. Meningitis can be prevented with Hib vaccine and Streptococcus pneumonia.

"To get good protection, as recommended IDAI (Association of Indonesian Pediatric) vaccine should be started as early as possible from a child aged 2 months, 4 months, and 6 months. Then do the test a year later. Prevention of meningitis can reduce mortality in infants with significantly, "he added.